Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
Applied Behavior Analysis is the science of human behavior. Most relevant definition available was written in 1968 by Baer, Wolf, & Risley:
“Applied Behavior Analysis is the process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the improvement in behavior “ .
Styles of ABA Teaching:
Incidental teaching Or Natural Environment Training
Direct Instruction Teaching
Many opportunities or trials are given repeatedly in structured teaching situations to teach each step:
Both Incidental Teaching and Direct Instruction are intensive, are delivered in the natural environment, and require highly skilled professionals. Direct instruction can also be performed in an environment with minimal distractions typically to aid in the acquisition of early learning skills. Both forms of teaching are geared toward generalization of skills and intensity of repetition to ensure adequate skill acquisition.
Parents are crucial to the success of their child’s behavioral therapy because they help ensure the behaviors learned generalize into the home environment and other community settings (Dillenburger, Keenan, Dohtery, Byrne, & Gallagher, 2010). Research consistently shows that “parental involvement is the one invariable factor and an integral part of the success of early intervention programs for children with autism” (Ozonoff & Cathcart, 1998). Specifically, parental programs teach you the practical strategies you need to handle problem behaviors, leading to an increased understanding of your child, which leads to better relationships (Hailstone, 2014). Also, as a result of training, parents feel empowered and more in control of their family and home environment (Dillenburger, et al., 2002).
LEAST RESTRICTIVE TREATMENT
It is ABA EXPERT’s policy to exhaust and explore all least restrictive teaching strategies before the consideration of an empirically validated correction strategy. A Board Certified Behavior Analyst is required to discuss this consideration with the guardian. The guardian will require a written formal proposal before considering approving such strategies. This proposal is to include, but not limited to: (1) least restrictive strategies previously used and related treatment outcome data, (2) the proposed alternative correction strategy and supporting literature, and (3) a detailed plan of how the correction strategy will be faded. ABA EXPERTS will adhere to the BACB’s ethical guideline for Least Restrictive Treatment.